A cross necklace is any necklace featuring a Christian cross or crucifix worn by some other sect Christian religions and others. It is often received as gifts for rites such as baptism and confirmation. Crosses are often worn as a sign of commitment to the Christian faith. Also, some Christians believe that the wearing of a cross offers the wearer protection from evil. Individuals, including Christians and some non-Christians, may also wear cross necklaces as a fashion accessory.
Most adherents of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church will wear a cross attached to either a chain or a matäb, a silk cord. The matäb is tied about the neck at the time of baptism, and the recipient is expected to wear the matäb at all times. Women will often affix a cross or other pendant to the matäb, but this is not considered essential.
In some nations, such as the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania, an atheist state, the wearing of cross necklaces was banned. Many Christian bishops of several denominations, such as the Anglican Church, wear the pectoral cross as a sign of their order. In two highly publicised British cases, nurse Shirley Chaplin and British Airways flight attendant Nadia Eweida were disciplined for wearing cross necklaces at work, in breach of their employment terms.